आपणास माझे लेखन आवडते आहे असे ब्लॉगला भेट देणारांच्या वाढत्या संख्येवरून वाटते. विषेशकरून कर्णकथेला वाचक पुष्कळ मिळाले. आपल्या प्रतिक्रिया जरूर मिळावयास हव्यात! त्याशिवाय लिहीत राहण्याचा उत्साह कसा टिकून रहाणार?
I changed over from Marathi to English for my comments on Shri. Oak's book recently. I continue to get readers but there are no comments! Wonder whether I am boring!

Last Seven Days

माझी थोडी ओळख

My photo
San Ramon and Mumbai, California and Maharashtra, United States
ज्येष्ठ नागरिक. साहित्य व संगीत प्रेमी. Senior Citizen

Monday, April 25, 2016

A time line of Events from Autumnal Equinox to Winter Solstice.

I made an attempt to build a time-line of events from Krishnashishtai to BhishmaNirvan.
1.Krishna Left for Hastinapur on the day when moon was in Revati. Second day he reached Hastinapur and stayed with Vidur overnight. Third day the Peace Talks took place and failed too. Krishna stayed with Vidur and reported failure to Vidur and Kunti.
2.Fourth day in the morning (most probably, not on the previous day itself.), Krishna returned to Upaplavya, invited Karna on way,to accompany him on his ratha and had a talk with him. When Karna turned down Krishna’s suggestion to give up Duryodhana and join Pandavas, his brothers, Krishna invited the Kouravas to Kurukshetra for starting the war after 7 days, on Amavasya day.
3.Amavasya and Start of war therefore was 10th, or max. 11th day, counting the Revati day as first day.
4.Vyasa very specifically states that the Krishnapaksha ending on the Amavasya was a very short one, only 12 days between the preceding Poornima and Amavasya.
5.The preceding Purnima was thus just 1 or 2 days prior to the Revati day when Krishna started from Upaplavya.
6.Amavasya was first day of war, on 10th day Bhishma fell down on bed of arrows, spent 58 nights awaiting death and on 68th day he died. That was the day of Winter Solstice.
7.War thus started 68 days before winter solstice which means it started about 22 days after Autumnal Equinox. Purnima had occurred 12 days prior to war. Thus Autumnal Equinox was about 10 days prior to the Purnima.
8.As Amavasya occurred 10-11 days after the ‘moon in revati’ day, on Amavasya moon and sun were in Purva or Uttara (Phalguni)
9.Winter Solstice occurred 68 days later. In those 68 days where would sun move? At least 5 Nakshatra forward or to Anuradha or Jyeshthaa
Resultant time line would look like this.
Day 1 – Autumnal Equinox
Day 11 – Purnima. Nakshatra Purva Bhadrapada.
Day 13– Krishna leaves Upaplavya, Nakshatra Revati
Day 15 – KrishnaShishtai in Hastinapur. Nakshatra Bharani
Day 16 – Krishna Returns, Krishna-Karna Dialogue, Nakshatra Krittika
Day 24 – Amavasya after 8 days, (Only 12 days between Purnima and Amavasya), War Starts, Nakshatra Purva Phalguni, Sun also in Purva Phalguni. (Krishna refers to this as Shakra Amavasya)
Day 33 –Tenth Day of War, Bhisma falls.
Day 91 – Winter Solstice, 58th day after Bhishma’s fall, (On bed of arrows for 58 nights), Bhishma Dies.
In 67 days from Amavasya, Sun would move from Purva Phalguni to Jyeshtha on winter solstice day. What range of years it points to?
I have stuck to the description of events in the Mahabharat text about a)Krishna starting after autumnal equinox on Revati, b)Shishtai timetable, c)Amavasya after 8 days as start day of war. d)Very short fortnight of 13 days, 12days between Purnima and Amavasya. and e) Bhisma falling on 10th day and spending 58 nights on bed of arrows.
I don’t know whether Amavasya with Sun and moon in Purva Phalguni can qualify as Shakra Amavasya!

1 comment:

Nilesh Oak said...

Interesting exercise.

The sun would travel from Purva Phalguni to near Vishakhar (U Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishakha). I am ok with your assumption of 'Jyeshtha' too.

In either cases, the conclusion for the timing of Mahabharata are 'interesting'.

Assuming Sun at Jyeshtha (at the time of winter solstice).. this would mean the lunar month of Margashirsha. This is the scenario in our times and will become even stronger over next 500 years (when Yogatara of Mrigashirsha would align with point of summer solstice).

If we assume position of sun near 'Vishakha'.. that would mean lunar month of Kartika.

This would mean we have to go either about ~3000 years in future or (~26000 - 3000 = ~23000) about 23000 years in antiquity for the timing of Mahabharata.